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John Sholto Douglas, 9th Marquess of Queensberry or infamously Marquess of Queensberry but simply Marquess (Pronounced "Marcus"), (Scottish Gaelic: Iain Sìoltaich Dùghlas, 9th Marcas Banrigh-Tiodhlacadh), ( July 20th, 1844–January 31st, 1900), is one of the two Deuteragonists (alongside Yung Hee Tyson) of Mike Tyson Mysteries.


He was a Scottish nobleman, remembered for his atheism, his outspoken views, his brutish manner, for lending his name to the "Queensberry Rules" that form the basis of modern boxing, and for his role in the downfall of the Irish author and playwright Oscar Wilde. He is also a based on the real life John Douglas, the 9th Marquess of Queensberry.

History[]

Marquess was born on July 20, 1844, John Douglas was born in Florence, Italy, the eldest son of Conservative politician Archibald, Viscount Drumlanrig, and Caroline Margaret Clayton. He had three brothers, Francis, Archibald, and James, and two sisters, Gertrude and Florence. He was briefly styled Viscount Drumlanrig following his father's succession in 1856, and on the latter's death in 1858 he inherited the Marquessate of Queensberry. The 9th Marquess was educated in the training ships Illustrious and Britannia at Portsmouth, and served in the Royal Navy until resigning in 1864. He was Lieutenant-Colonel commanding the 1st Dumfriesshire Rifle Volunteers from 1869 to 1871.

In 1864, Lord Queensberry entered Magdalene College, Cambridge, which he left two years later without taking a degree. He was more distinguished in sport, playing college cricket as well as running, hunting, and steeplechasing He married Sibyl Montgomery in 1866. They had four sons and a daughter; his wife successfully sued for divorce in 1887 on the grounds of his adultery. She survived him to the age of 90, dying in 1935.[1] Queensberry married Ethel Weeden in 1893 but this marriage was annulled the following year. Queensberry sold the family seat of Kinmount in Dumfriesshire, Scotland, an action which further alienated him from his family.

He died, two months after a stroke, and after a period of mental decline believed to be caused by syphilis, in his club room in Welbeck Street, west London, aged 55, nearly a year before Oscar Wilde's death. He wrote a poem starting with the words "When I am dead cremate me." After cremation at Woking Crematorium, his ashes were buried at Kinmount in the Douglas Mausoleum outside Cummertrees Parish Church.

His eldest son and heir apparent was Francis, Viscount Drumlanrig, who was rumored to have been engaged in a homosexual relationship with the Liberal Prime Minister, The 5th Earl of Rosebery. Lord Drumlanrig died from a gunshot wound, unmarried and without children.

Marquess's second son, Lord Percy Douglas (1868–1920), succeeded to the peerage instead. Lord Alfred "Bosie" Douglas, his third son, was a close friend of famous author and poet Oscar Wilde. Eventually it became known that Lord Alfred and Wilde had engaged in sexual intercourse on multiple occasions, severely damaging the reputation of both men and enraging Queensberry. Queensberry's efforts to end that relationship ultimately lead to his famous dispute with Wilde, which would cumulate to Wilde's eventual imprisonment, decline, and fall. His son Lord Alfred Bruce "Bosie" Douglas, Marquess exposed his son's romantic relationship to poet Oscar Wilde, which resulted in the latter receiving two years of hard labour. His shame in his actions causes Marquess to travel back in time to reconcile with Alfred, to which he, in tears, emotionally forgives him. Afterwards, Marquess apologizes to Wilde who, despite being unpleased by Marquesses' presence, likely forgives him.

Contributions to Sports[]

Marquess was a patron of sport and a noted boxing enthusiast. In 1866 he was one of the founders of the Amateur Athletic Club, now the Amateur Athletic Association of England, one of the first groups that did not require amateur athletes to belong to the upper-classes to compete. The following year the Club published a set of twelve rules for conducting boxing matches. The rules had been drawn up by John Graham Chambers but appeared under Queensberry's sponsorship and are universally known as the "Queensberry Rules". These rules were eventually to govern the sport worldwide.

A keen rider, Marquess was also active in fox hunting and owned several successful race horses. As a rider his first winner was in the Dumfriesshire Hunt Club chase in 1865, and his last was at Sandown Park in 1883. He was Master of the Worcester Fox Hounds in 1870. He was on the committee of the National Hunt but never won a Grand National as a rider, a last-minute substitution on the victorious "Old Joe" keeping him out of the 1886 National. During his riding career he recovered from a series of serious injuries.

Political Career[]

In 1872, Marquess was chosen by the Peers of Scotland to sit in the House of Lords as a representative peer. He served as such until 1880, when he was again nominated but refused to take the religious oath of allegiance to the Sovereign. Viewed by some as an outspoken atheist, he declared that he would not participate in any "Christian tomfoolery" and that his word should suffice. As a consequence neither he nor Charles Bradlaugh, who had also refused to take the oath after being elected to the House of Commons, were allowed to take their seats in parliament. This prompted an apology from the new Prime Minister, William Gladstone. Bradlaugh was re-elected four times by the constituents of Northampton until he was finally allowed to take his seat in 1886. Marquess, however, was never again sent to parliament by the Scottish nobles.

In 1881, Marquess accepted the presidency of the British Secular Union, a group that had broken away in 1877 from Bradlaugh's National Secular Society. That year he published a long philosophical poem, The Spirit of the Matterhorn, which he had written in Zermatt in 1873 in an attempt to articulate his secularist views. In 1882, he was ejected from the theatre after loudly interrupting a performance of the play The Promise of May by Alfred Lord Tennyson, the Poet Laureate, because it included a villainous atheist in its cast of characters. Under the auspices of the British Secular Union, Marquess wrote a pamphlet entitled The Religion of Secularism and the Perfectibility of Man. The Union, always small, ceased to function in 1884.

His divorces, brutality, atheism, and association with the boxing world made Marquess an unpopular figure in London high society. In 1893 his eldest son Francis was made a baron in the Peerage of the United Kingdom, thus giving him an automatic seat in the House of Lords. Marquess resented his son sitting in a chamber that had refused to admit him, leading to a bitter dispute between himself and both his son and the Earl of Rosebery, who had promoted Francis's ennoblement and who shortly thereafter became Prime Minister. Francis was killed in a shooting accident in 1894; the inquest returned an "accidental death" verdict, but his death may have been a suicide. Marquess believed, as he put it in a letter, that "snob queers like Rosebery" had corrupted his sons, and held Rosebery responsible for Francis's death.

Dispute with Oscar Wilde[]

In February 1895, angered by the apparent ongoing homosexual relationship between Oscar Wilde and his son Alfred, Marquess left a calling card reading "For Oscar Wilde, posing Somdomite" at Wilde's club. Wilde sued for criminal libel, leading to Marquess arrest.

Marquess's lawyers, headed by barrister Edward Carson, presented Wilde as a vicious older man who seduced innocent young boys into a life of degenerate homosexuality. Wilde dropped the libel case when Marquess lawyers informed the court that they intended to call several male prostitutes as witnesses to testify that they had had sex with Wilde. According to the Libel Act 1843, proving the truth of the accusation and a public interest in its exposure was a defense against a libel charge, and Wilde's lawyers concluded that the prostitutes' testimony was likely to do that. Marquess won a counterclaim against Wilde for the considerable expenses he had incurred on lawyers and private detectives in organizing his defense. Wilde was left bankrupt; his assets were seized and sold at auction to pay the claim.

Marquess then sent the evidence collected by his detectives to Scotland Yard, which resulted in Wilde being charged and convicted of gross indecency under the Criminal Law Amendment Act 1885 and sentenced to two years' hard labour. His health and reputation destroyed, Wilde went into exile in France. Marquess died on 31 January 1900. Ten months later, Oscar Wilde died at the Hotel d'Alsace in Paris.

Family[]

  • Great Great Grandparents:
  1. Sir John Douglas, 3rd Baronet Kelhead (Paternal Great Great Grandfather)
  2. Christina Cunningham (Paternal Great Great Grandmother)
  3. William Johnstone (Paternal Great Great Grandfather)
  4. Charles James Sholto Douglas (Paternal Great Great Grandfather)
  5. Basilia Dawes (Paternal Great Great Grandmother)
  6. James Dawes (Paternal Great Great Grandfather)
  7. William Clayton (Maternal Great Great Grandfather)
  8. Maria Eliza Catherine Lloyd (Maternal Great Great Grandmother)
  9. Sir William East, 1st Baronet of Hall Place, Maidenhead (Maternal Great Great Grandfather)
  10. Jackson East (Maternal Great Great Grandmother)
  11. Neal O'Donnell, 1st Baronet (Maternal Great Great Grandfather)
  12. Mary Coane (Maternal Great Great Grandmother)
  13. Massey Hutchinson of Mount Massey, Co. Cork (Maternal Great Great Grandmother)
  • Great Grandparents:
  1. Sir William Douglas, 4th Baronet Kelhead (Paternal Great Grandfather)
  2. Dame Grace Johnstone (Paternal Great Grandmother)
  3. Major James Sholto Douglas (Paternal Great Grandfather)
  4. Sarah Dawes (Paternal Great Grandmother)
  5. Sir William Clayton 4th Baronet (Maternal Great Grandfather)
  6. Mary East (Maternal Great Grandmother)
  7. Hugh O'Donnell (Maternal Great Grandfather)
  8. Alice Hutchinson (Maternal Great Grandmother)
  • Grandparents:
  1. John Douglas, 7th Marquess of Queensberry (Paternal Grandfather)
  2. Sarah Douglas (Paternal Grandmother)
  3. Sir William Clayton, 5th Baronet (Maternal Grandfather)
  4. Alice Hugh Massey O'Donnell (Maternal Grandmother)
  • Parents:
  1. Archibald William Douglas, 8th Marquess of Queensberry (Father)
  2. Caroline Margaret Clayton (Mother)
  • Siblings:
  1. Lady Gertrude Stock (Sister)
  2. Lord Francis William Bouverie Douglas (Brother)
  3. Reverend Lord Archibald Edward Douglas (Brother)
  4. Lady Florence Caroline Dixie (Sister)
  5. Lord James Douglas (Brother)
  • Spouses:
  1. Sibyl Montgomery (1st Wife)
  2. Ethel Weeden (2nd Wife)
  • Children:
  1. Francis Archibald Douglas, Viscount Drumlanrig (Son)
  2. Percy Sholto Douglas, 10th Marquess of Queensberry (Son)
  3. Lord Alfred Bruce Douglas (Son)
  4. Lord Sholto Douglas (Son)
  5. Lady Edith Douglas (Daughter)
  • Grandchildren:
  1. Lady Dorothy Madeline Douglas (Granddaughter, via: Percy)
  2. Francis Archibald Kelhead Douglas, 11th Marquess of Queensberry (Grandson, via: Percy)
  3. Lord Cecil Charles Douglas (Grandson, via: Percy)
  • Great Grandchildren:
  1. Lady Patricia Sybil Douglas (Great Granddaughter, via: Francis)
  2. David Harrington Angus Douglas, 12th Marquess of Queensberry (Great Grandson, via: Francis)
  3. Lady Jane Katherine Douglas (Great Granddaughter, via: Francis)
  4. Lord Gawain Archibald Douglas (Great Grandson, via: Francis)
  • Great Great Grandchildren:
  1. Lady Emma Cathleen Douglas (Great Great Granddaughter, via: David)
  2. Ambrose Jonathan Carey (Great Great Granddaughter, via: David)
  3. Lady Alice Douglas (Great Great Granddaughter, via: David)
  4. Sholto Francis Guy Douglas, Viscount Drumlanrig (Great Great Granddaughter, via: David)
  5. Lady Kate Cordelia Sasha Douglas (Great Great Granddaughter, via: David)
  6. Lord Milo Luke Dickon Douglas (Great Great Granddaughter, via: David)
  7. Lord Torquil Oberon Tobias Douglas (Great Great Granddaughter, via: David)
  8. Lady Beth Shan Ling Douglas (Great Great Granddaughter, via: David)
  9. Dalziel Frances Douglas (Great Great Granddaughter, via: Gawain)
  10. Elizabeth Meriel Douglas (Great Great Granddaughter, via: Gawain)
  11. Jamie Sholto Douglas (Great Great Grandson, via: Gawain)
  • Great Great Grandchildren:
  1. Hero Himalaya Douglas (Great Great Great Granddaughter, via: Alice)
  2. Tybalt Tryfan Melia Douglas (Great Great Grandson, via: Alice)
  3. Angus Carey-Douglas (Great Great Grandson, via: Ambrose)
  4. James Carey-Douglas (Great Great Grandson, via: Ambrose)
  • Great Great Great Great Great Great Grandson:
  1. Lord Ian Douglas (Great Great Great Great Great Great Grandson, via: Unknown)
  • Great Great Great Great Great Great Great Grandchildren:
  1. Lady Douglas (Great Great Great Great Great Great Great Granddaughter, via: Ian)
  2. Lord Douglas (Great Great Great Great Great Great Great Grandson, via: Ian)

Appearance[]

As common among stereotypical ghosts, Marquess' attire, complexion, and hair color and completely white. Having been born in the nineteenth century, Marquess dresses very formally, always dressed in a suit and top hat. He is tall with a lean, but well-built physique, along with glasses and a mustache.

Personality[]

Marquess is perhaps the most honest, polite, courteous, well-mannered and compassionate member of the Mystery Team. Marquess is also homosexual and very effeminate, in addition to being easily anxious, agitated and somewhat cowardly in stressful situations.

Marquess could be considered the antithesis to Pigeon: Marquess is proper, polite, and considerate of others, while Pigeon is vulgar, rude, sarcastic and enjoys mocking others and making crude jokes. As a result of their contradicting personalities, Marquess is frequently a target of Pigeon's sarcastic and sadistic jokes, which involve mocking him for his sexuality and effeminate interests.

Marquess has demonstrated numerous unhealthy habits, including chain-smoking cigarettes and alcoholism, which he has failed to overcome and is very self-conscience about.

Trivia[]

  • The Marquess portion of his name is pronounced "Marcus" and rendered as if it is his actual name, instead of a title.
  • It is revealed in "My Favorite Mystery" that Marquess has claustrophobia.
  • It is heavily implied in "Spring Break" that Marquess was sexually abused in his youth as a church altar boy.
  • Despite initially appearing to be homosexual, it is revealed that Marquess originally had a relationship with a woman, which resulted in the birth of his son, Alfred. This shows that Marquess is likely either bisexual or has lost interest in women over the years.
  • His mother is Jewish[1], which makes him full Jewish according to Pigeon (correctly so, as Jewish tradition typically follows matrilineal heritage). In real life, however, John Douglass is a full gentile.
  1. Season 2, Episode 5 "Old Man of the Mountain", ~9 minutes 20 seconds in.
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